Today’s post talks about what it cost us to start our van life in New Zealand. But, before we jump into the detail, some background for you: When we farewelled our corporate lives in Sydney, we had a goal: to earn enough money to sustain our lifestyle for as long as we enjoy it. Our plan included exploring New Zealand after a year in the Americas to develop sources of income beyond our financial investments and our website.
As public transport in New Zealand is not as developed as for example in Europe, we figured the best way to get around New Zealand was in a campervan. We could explore this beautiful country and at the same time, search for a property that could generate an income all year-round. And that’s what we did in 2018.
Not only do we share here our set-up (and sales) costs, we also kept tabs on our travel costs in Aotearoa. Given that we are talking about New Zealand, the amounts quoted are all in New Zealand Dollars (NZD).
In early November 2017, we paid NZD15,500 for our 1997 Ford Transit Turbo-Diesel, 5-Speed Manual with Long Wheel Base (LWB), High-Roof and around 340,000km in mileage. It looked mechanically sound but did show signs of rust (as to be expected with a 20-year-old vehicle), which had been bogged up and painted over.
As a former rental vehicle, it was fully kitted out with a seating / sleeping area, cupboards, a wet room (containing a shower and cassette toilette), a kitchenette (with two burner cooktop / grill and sink), electric water pump and (water) heater, and a 3-way fridge (running on 12V while driving and on 240V or LPG when stationary).
All appliances were in working order, just (for the most part) 20 years old. Our house batteries were at the end of their lives. And we learned very quickly that a 3-way fridge uses way too much power when in 12V mode. So our choice would have been using LPG (we would have had to refill our 4.5kg gas bottle constantly) or be plugged into mains power most of the time (which would have cost way too much). The campervan had no solar panels, so to have sufficient power, we would have had to drive every day (to charge our batteries) or be plugged into mains power. Neither was an option for us: we wanted to slowly explore the country and freedom camp in off-the-beaten-path places as much as possible.
So, before we commenced our road trip in earnest in early January 2018, we spent NZD5,943 getting the following supplied and professionally installed:
- 3 x 100W Solar Panels
- MPPT-25 Solar Charge Controller
- 2 x 6V 232aH House Batteries
- Digital Battery Monitor
- 42Litre 12V Fridge/Freezer
- 2 x LED lights
- 2 x 12V/USB Charging Sockets
- Rural Service Modem and Puck Antenna through Wireless Nation – to be able to work on the road.
All of the above was sourced through the auto-electrician who installed them (given they had the experience and we didn’t). If you are happy to DIY you could not only shave off the installation costs but likely also source the appliances a bit cheaper (online).
We also spent NZD230 to close off the holes in our roof after the existing roof rack was removed to make room for our solar panels and NZD92 to get the 3-way fridge removed. We were able to sell both – the roof rack and the fridge – to cover the cost of their removal.
Our solar panels and house batteries have enough capacity to run all our appliances (including our two laptops and smartphones). The solar panels have produced more than enough energy for what we require, even with some rainy days in between. We used our 240V battery charger only once in the whole year, after about 5 days of miserable weather and being stuck in one place.
When our 3-way fridge was removed, the gas fitter informed us that our LPG set-up was non-compliant: In New Zealand, LPG bottles need to be in an airtight compartment separate to the main cabin. Ours was just sitting in a cupboard with the door opening into the main cabin. We, therefore, had to make changes to our LPG gas bottle cupboard and get our stove reconnected (which cost us NZD695, most of which for the gas compliance certificate).
And just as we set off on our road trip, our toilette broke down. With spare parts having to be shipped from Europe (and not available for several weeks), we decided to get a new toilette installed, costing us another NZD896 for the appliance and labor.
Our campervan came without any utensils (no crockery and cutlery, no pots and pans etc) and without essential utilities (such as an electric cable to connect to mains power or a hose to fill up our fresh water tank).
Given we only owned our backpacks, we needed to buy various items to be able to live in the vehicle full time, totaling NZD1,222 (the most expensive individual items being our pots and pans, battery charger and RCD power cable). It was a strange feeling having to go and buy household items again.
Summary and learnings
Our total set-up costs (all in) were NZD24,525, including flying to Napier twice – to check out the vehicle and to pick it up – and joining the New Zealand Motor Caravan Association. We sold the vehicle for NZD13,653 in December 2018 (with all its content and on-road costs, and after sale costs of NZD347), having traveled just under 13,800km.
Did we recuperate the costs of the improvements we made to the van? No. Did we overcapitalize? Obviously. However, our van was our home and transport for that one year. Thus, roughing it was never a consideration for us. Could we have lived cheaper? Probably. All in though, we are pleased to say that our year in New Zealand still worked out to be under budget.
With the benefit of hindsight, is there anything we would have done differently? Yes and no.
We had determined our requirements upfront:
- Being able to stand up in the vehicle and having space where we could work comfortably was paramount to us.
- The other non-negotiable was the wet room (we need privacy for our very personal business and don’t want to have to walk to a dingy public toilette in the middle of the night).
- Equally important was to fit the vehicle into a normal car parking spot.
Paul wasn’t keen on converting a van from scratch given we had no prior experience, and it would have been a real challenge to find a place with the right tools for us to do the conversion. So doing one up ourselves was not a consideration when we were on the lookout for a van.
Based on our requirements, the most logical choices were high top conversions of Ford Transits, VW Transporters, Fiat Ducatos or Mercedes Sprinters. Mercedes Sprinter-based conversions, even with higher mileage, cost way more than what we were prepared to pay upfront. VW Transporter and Fiat Ducato based conversions were too few to find a suitable one among them. So, Ford Transits seemed to be the obvious choice.
We learned a lot during the year we owned our campervan. So, what would we do differently if we bought one again?
- Most importantly, we would insist on a professional pre-purchase vehicle inspection. Paul got blind-sided by the guy selling us the vehicle (a mechanic), and we paid the price for it with costly repairs down the track.
- We would look for a campervan with newer appliances (especially expensive items such as a fridge/freezer and toilet) and a solar system. We would stay away from campervans that come with a 3-way fridge and the original cassette toilet.
- We would also look out for LPG compliance and the type of (water) heater, giving preference to those operating on LPG or Diesel.
Doing a conversion ourselves (especially with the right tools) is less daunting, knowing what we know now, and it is definitely a consideration in the future.