Okinawa might be best known for its stunning beaches and crystal-clear waters, but the Hawaii of Japan (as it is often called), has much more to offer than sun, sand and sea. With a unique history and culture shaped by its geographical location, Okinawa is distinctly different to the rest of Japan. Winter is a great time to experience the beauty of this region – with few other tourists around and perfect temperatures for outdoor explorations. Let’s take you on a winter getaway that has a bit of everything, with our 3-Day Naha/Okinawa itinerary.
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Map of Recommended Points of Interest, Eateries, Transport Hubs, and Accommodation
Below is the map of the points of interest, eateries. transport hubs and recommended accommodations mentioned in this article.
Where is Okinawa, and what is it known for?
Okinawa is Japan’s southernmost prefecture. Located about halfway between Taiwan and the southern-most tip of the Japanese mainland, it comprises 113 islands (48 of which are inhabited) that are clustered around three island groups:
- the Okinawa Islands – which include Okinawa Hontō, the largest island of the archipelago,
- the Miyako Islands [Google Maps location], and
- the Yaeyama Islands [Google Maps location].
Formerly known as Ryukyu, after its indigenous people and the independent Ryukyu Kingdom that lasted from 1429 to 1609, Okinawa got its current name in 1879, when it became part of the Japanese Empire.
You may have heard of Okinawa as one of five blue zones around the world, areas where people enjoy remarkable longevity. The residents of Okinawa have the highest life expectancy in Japan, which has been attributed to a healthy diet and an active lifestyle without stress.
Okinawa is also known as the birthplace of Karate, a martial art born out of Okinawa’s unique history, that is today practiced around the world. You can visit the Karate Museum [Google Maps location] or take a Karate History Tour in Okinawa.
Sadly, the name Okinawa is also associated with one of the bloodiest battles in the Pacific – the World War Two Battle of Okinawa – with memorials and museums commemorating the events that have shaped Okinawa’s more recent history.
What many don’t know: After World War Two, Okinawa was under United States of America administration until it was returned to Japan in 1972. To this day, Okinawa is a major strategic hub for the US military with approximately 80,000 personnel and their families based on the island, making some parts of Okinawa feel more like Florida than Japan.
Okinawa in winter, what is that like?
Thanks to its subtropical climate, Okinawa offers a delightful escape from the colder winter temperatures in other parts of Japan and indeed the northern hemisphere. Winter temperatures in Okinawa range from around 15 degrees Celsius to the mid-20s. And unlike the humid, muggy summer months, winters in Okinawa offer clear blue skies and minimal rain.
Okinawa kicks off Japan’s cherry blossom season – usually in mid-January. January to March is also whale watching season. And if you’re wondering if winter is too cold for a swim: When Paul went swimming on Zamami on 18 February, it was refreshing and not too cold. Another advantage to head to the beaches in Okinawa in Winter: there are no bugs. Do be careful though: life savers are only on duty between March and October.
If you happen to visit Okinawa in the summer months, be aware that the Eastern Pacific typhoon season corresponds with the Hurricane season in the North Atlantic (01 June to 30 November), with most typhoons hitting the region in July and August.
For more details on the weather year-round check out Weather Spark.
How much time should you spend in Okinawa?
With 113 islands and a geographic area of 2,281 square kilometres (880 square miles), you could spend years exploring Okinawa prefecture. So, if you have the time, stay as many days as you can afford – you won’t get bored, we promise.
For a good introduction to Okinawa and to experience some of its highlights off the beaten path, we recommend a minimum of three days. This gives you just enough time to visit important historical sites on the main island of Okinawa, explore some of the offshore islands near Naha and immerse yourself in the unique culture of the region.
That said, if it’s your (first) two or three week trip to Japan, and you can’t afford to spend three days in Okinawa, we recommend to leave Japan’s southernmost prefecture for another time – quality over quantity.
Introducing Okinawa: Your three day (winter) itinerary
As a first timer with (only) three days at your disposal, we recommend to focus on the south of Okinawa Hontō (the main island), its capital Naha and the nearby offshore islands.
Start your day with a visit to the Okinawa Prefectural Museum [Official website, Google Maps location] (closed Mondays). With its unusual design, modelled on Okinawa’s historical castles, the museum and its exhibits provide the perfect introduction to Ryukyu history and culture.
Having worked up an appetite exploring the various exhibition halls, take a break for lunch at a nearby restaurant before heading to Shurijo Castle [Official website, Google Maps location]. If you jump on Bus number 7 outside the Okinawa Prefectural Museum, you’ll be dropped off right outside the Shurijo Castle grounds).
Although the Shurijo Castle itself was tragically destroyed by fire in 2019 (its rebuild process is due for completion in 2026), the remaining structures and surrounding grounds are still impressive and well worth a visit, as are the stunning 360 degree views (and you don’t need to pay anything to see them either).
After exploring the Shurijo Castle grounds, take a leisurely stroll down Kinjo Stone Road [Google Maps location] (a charming cobble-stoned street from the Ryukyu Kingdom) and then slowly walk up the other side to Shikina-en Garden [Official website, Google Maps location], the tranquil country residence of the Ryukyu royal family (closed Wednesdays).
We suggest to spend your second day exploring the Kerama Islands. Part of the Kerama Shotō National Park, the islands are in easy reach of Naha and offer plenty to see and do on a day or overnight trip. Find everything you need to know in this one day itinerary.
Whether you choose Zamami [Google Maps location], Aka [Google Maps location] (which is connected by bridge to Geruma [Google Maps location] and Fukaji [Google Maps location]) or Tokashiki [Google Maps location], the islands are known for their turquoise waters, white-sand beaches and fringing coral reefs, and a visit will be an experience you’ll treasure for years to come.
Your final day on Okinawa is all about the islands’ World War Two history. Prepare yourself mentally to hear and see some very sobering stories and images.
Himeyuri Peace Museum
We recommend to start your day with a visit to the Himeyuri Peace Museum [Google Maps location]. The Himeyuri Peace Museum shares the experiences (before and during the Battle of Okinawa) from the perspective of the school children that were mobilised to help the Japanese Imperial Army fight an unwinnable battle.
It’s a bit over an hour by monorail and bus from Naha city centre or the airport. Expect to spend about an hour at the Himeyuri Peace Museum.
Peace Memorial Park
After your visit, continue by bus (for another 10 minutes or so) to the Peace Memorial Park [Official Website, Google Maps location] at Mabuni Hill, the location of the final and bloodiest fighting during the Battle of Okinawa.
The grounds of the Peace Memorial Park are vast. We recommend to first head to the Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum [Official website, Google Maps location]. While the Museum design stroke us as an odd choice (it looks like a holiday resort from the outside), it is a worthwhile source to learn more about the Battle of Okinawa, with a free audio guide enabling visitors to listen to the stories of survivors. Unlike the Himeyuri Peace Museum, it also showcases post-war life on Okinawa (including on the US military bases). Expect to spend about two hours at the Prefectural Peace Memorial Museum.
Afterwards, pay your respects at the Cornerstone of Peace [Official website, Google Maps location] – a memorial made up of black granite walls that contain the more than 240,000 names of the victims of the Battle of Okinawa and face an eternal flame overlooking the sea. It’s such a peaceful place today – it’s hard to imagine the atrocities that took place here in 1945.
If all the reading, watching and listening made you hungry, there is a small shop/restaurant opposite the museum. It’s owned by a lovely elderly lady who serves cheap and delicious soba noodles.
Alternative WWII sites on Okinawa
If you prefer to stay closer to Naha but still visit some of the sights associated with Okinawa’s WWII history, we can also recommend the following:
Former Underground Headquarters of the Japanese Imperial Navy
Dug into a hill south of the Motobu river in 1944, this military fort [Official Website, Google Maps location] housed up to 4,000 soldiers during the Battle of Okinawa. From here, the Commander of the Japanese Imperial Navy led his troops in the Battle of Okinawa. It’s also the location where the Commander and his closest staff committed collective suicide when Japan’s defeat could no longer be denied.
From the city centre, it is a 15-minute bus ride and short but steep uphill walk. From the Himeyuri Peace Museum (or the Peace Memorial Park), it’s a bit over an hour by bus (albeit on your way back to Naha).
The site of the Urasoe Castle (Urasoe Gusuku) [Google Maps location] ruins dating from the 13th century and officially known as the Maeda Escarpment (Maeda Kochi) experienced some of the most ferocious fighting between the Japanese Imperial Army and the US Forces in the early days of the Battle of Okinawa.
While there are maps and displays at Maeda Escarpment (including in English), this detailed guide might be another helpful resource. It also pays to (re)watch the movie Hacksaw Ridge prior to your visit.
From the city centre, it’s a 20-minute ride on the monorail to Urasoe-maeda Station, followed by a 10 minute uphill walk to the southern entrance (turn right before the footbridge and walk along the paved path to the left of the parking lot). While possible to add after a visit to the Himeyuri Peace Museum or the Peace Memorial Park, it’s about 2 hours by bus and monorail from there to Hacksaw Ridge [Google Maps location].
What to do if you’ve got more than three days in Naha/Okinawa?
If you’ve got more time to spend in Naha, we can also recommend to visit the following sights in the city centre (all are within walking distance from each other):
- Fukushū-en Garden [Official Website, Google Maps location] (closed Wednesdays) – Opened in 1992, this very picturesque and tranquil Chinese Garden celebrates the centuries-old relationship between Naha and its sister city Fuzhou in China.
- The Tsushima Maru Memorial Museum [Google Maps location] (closed Thursdays) – The museum commemorates the sinking of the Tsushima Maru by a US submarine on 22 August 1944, killing more than 1,500 civilians on board (including 800 children).
- Naminoue Shrine [Google Maps location] – A sacred Ryukyu site, this beautiful Shinto shrine sits on a rock above Naha’s waterfront and next to the small beach bearing the same name. It’s a popular place for weddings and baby blessings.
And if you prefer joining an organised (half)day tour, here are our recommendations:
How to get to Naha/Okinawa?
Thanks to its international airport (OKA) [Google Maps location], Naha is well connected to other cities across Japan (often with direct flights) and major cities across Asia (including Bangkok, Beijing, Hong Kong, Seoul, Singapore and Taipei).
For those wanting to bring their own vehicle from mainland Japan, there are also domestic ferry services from/to Kagoshima, provided by A-Line and Marix Line. Other islands of the Okinawan archipelago can all be reached via Naha – by ferry and/or airplane.
Unless you’re willed to spend more than 24 hours on a ferry, chances are you’d be arriving in Naha by plane. Naha International Airport is located on the south-western coastal outskirts of Naha city, in easy reach of the city centre (and other parts of the island) by monorail and/or bus (which take 10-15 minutes to Naha’s Central Bus Terminal).
How to get around Naha/Okinawa?
Okinawa Hontō (the main island) has a reasonably good public transportation system, consisting of a 17km mono rail line (called Yui Rail and operating from 0545h to 2330h) and an extensive bus network. While buses serve almost every corner on Okinawa, taking the bus from the Naha Airport all the way to the island’s northernmost point (a journey of 110km as the crow flies) would take 4.5 to 5.5 hours one way.
If you want to explore sights further north, one option is to take the Jinbei Marine high-speed ferry from Naha to Motobu [Google Maps location] or Nago [Google Maps location], both located on the north-west coast of Okinawa, and continue by bus from there. The ferry leaves from Tomari Port’s northern pier [Google Maps location] (in front of the Marine Liner Tokashiki). With its blue whale shark painting, it’s easily recognisable in port.
Rental cars are an option, however, a speed limit of 60 kilomtres per hour applies on the island – with the exception of the Okinawa Expressway (E58), where you can drive up to 80 kilometres per hour. If you are planning to hire a motorised vehicle – on Okinawa or mainland Japan – you will need to bring your national drivers licence AND an International Driving Permit (IDP). In many countries, these are issued by the national automobile association.
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Where to buy public transport tickets on Okinawa?
Getting around Okinawa by bus or Yui Rail monorail is safe and easy. To pay for a ride pay as you go in cash (especially on the bus) or with the IC card you’re using on the Japanese mainland (including PASMO and ICOCA). Note: While Okinawa has its own IC card (called OKICA), don’t buy one unless you plan to be here for a while/visit frequently, as the card can’t (yet) be used in other parts of Japan.
Tickets for the Yui Rail monorail can be purchased at the Yui Rail monorail station you want to commence your journey from (and fares are based on your destination).
Buses on Okinawa operate as they do on the mainland:
- In most cases, your fare will depend on the distance travelled. In that case, you pull a ticket from the dispenser as you enter the bus and then pay as you exit based on the fare displayed on the board above the driver for the number on your ticket.
- In some cases, you pay a flat fee. In those cases, the driver asks you to pay as you enter the bus.
- In either case, you have to throw the correct amount into the catcher next to the bus driver. If you don’t have the correct amount, make sure you change it (in the machine next to it) before you throw your coins into the catcher.
Are there (multi)day public transport passes?
If you are planning to use the Yui Rail monorail multiple times a day, you can purchase 24 and 48 hour passes from the vending machines at the monorail stations (for JPY800 and JPY1400, respectively).
There are also One- and Three-Day Public Transport Passes available (called Okinawa Pass – available for bus only OR for bus and monorail) which might be worth considering. Using Google Maps to work out how to get from A to B, it will also tell you the expected (normal) fare. Do your sums to see whether getting the pass is worthwhile. If you’re following our itinerary, it might be worth getting the One-Day Bus Pass on day 3 (especially if you’re planning to visit both the Peace Memorial Park AND Hacksaw Ridge).
Public transport passes can (only) be purchased at the Tourism Information Desk in the domestic airport arrival hall, located to the right of the Airport Information Desk (best done upon arrival). Do note however: the staff need to know the exact date/s you are going to use the pass as it/they will be stamped onto the pass.
Where to stay in Naha/Okinawa?
With a length of approximately 110 kilometres/68 miles, travelling between the different parts of Okinawa island (even if you drive) takes a long time. So deciding where to stay will depend on what you want to see and do.
If you are following our itinerary and prefer using public transport to get around, we recommend to base yourself in Naha city centre, particularly in the area between the Meiji Bridge and Tomari Port (south-north) and between the waterfront and highway 330 (west-east).
Our mid-range recommendations
- La Passione Boutique B and B
- Kariyushi Condominium Resort Naha Ryujin Hotel Ukishima
- Hotel Tenshikan Kumoji
Where (and what) to eat in Naha/Okinawa?
If you’re into sampling local specialties, we can recommend:
- enjoying a set lunch at Yunangi (a restaurant just off very busy Kokusai Dori Shopping Street) [Google Maps location]. The place is open from 1200h to 1500h (closed Sundays). There will be a queue outside at 1200h, but seating is very efficient, and if you head there at 1300h, you should get a table straight away.
- joining a free tour of the Chukogura Distillery [Goolge Maps location] (closed Thursdays). This family-owned business has been making Awamori (a liquor synonymous with Okinawa) for three generations. The distillery is one of only a few that make aged Awamori. I tasted 16-year-old Awamori, and it reminded me a lot of Brandy. The tour and tasting are held in Japanese, but there is signage in English, and the lady guiding our tour spoke English (so you can always ask questions if something doesn’t make sense). You do have to reserve your spot in advance.
Special souvenirs from Okinawa
We don’t personally buy souvenirs (our souvenirs are the photos we take and the memories they invoke), but if you’re after something special from Okinawa, head to Studio Churaumiya in the Heiwa Dori Shopping Street in Naha. The art studio allows you to create your own unique souvenirs, including making your own (mini) shisa – the guardian lions you’ll encounter at (almost) every house in Okinawa.
How to stay safe on Okinawa?
Okinawa has one of the highest crime rates in Japan, partially driven by the large presence of the US military that has created socio-economic challenges for the island. By international standards however, Okinawa’s crime rate is very low: If Okinawa was a country it would be among the top 20 safest on earth. Common sense goes a long way in preventing petty crime.
Sunburn and snake bites are other risk factors to be mindful of. Avoid sunburn (yes, even in winter) by wearing sunscreen with SPF50+, a hat and sun glasses.
How to avoid snake bites and what to do when you get bitten?
While Okinawa has eight venomous snakes, most of them are not dangerous. Those to watch out for are habu (pit vipers) - which are most active between March and October. They hibernate over winter in a sheltered place, so it's unlikely you encounter one during the coldest season. If you do: move back and leave them alone. Also, wear long pants and closed shoes, and stay on hiking/walking trails.
If you do get bitten, follow the instructions in this brochure.
Have you visited Okinawa Hontō?
I wrote this Okinawa travel guide and itinerary based on my own experience. If you have been to Okinawa as well and you have something to add to this list of sustainable amd affordable things to do, please feel free to contact me. If you liked my Okinawa tips and found them helpful, I would appreciate if you could share them with your friends and family via the Share buttons below. Even better, link to the page from your personal blog or social media platforms.