Do you know if what you wear is sustainably and ethically made? Not sure? Learn here how to find out more about your stuff. It's eye-opening.

Goodbye Fast Fashion: How sustainably and ethically made is what you wear?

Paul Ryken and Sandra RosenauFirst Published: Last Updated: Limit Your Footprint, Take the right gear Leave a Comment

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What fits into our carry-on backpacks is pretty much all we own these days. We have researched almost all our gear, and whatever made the cut fits our needs as location-independent, minimalist travelers and is sure to stand the test of time. Quality over quantity is not just a snappy phrase but a necessity for us.

Since (re)watching some of the documentaries on (anti)consumerism and sustainability that inspired us to embark on our minimalist journey, we have added another dimension to our research: We want our gear not only to be technically the best gear for our lifestyle but to be sourced in a way that does not harm our environment nor the people and communities involved in the process.

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Where to learn more about my clothes and how they’re made?

If you too want to make sure that what you buy wasn’t manufactured by poisoning rivers in India or by forcing the seamstress in Bangladesh to work in an unsafe building, start asking where your clothes came from (and I don’t mean the department store three blocks away).

Unfortunately, manufacturers are not always forthcoming with that sort of information, and there is no single global, independent body that keeps an eye on the manufacturing industry and gives us reassurance that they are doing (and we are buying) the right thing.

So, how do you know? Firstly, there are a bunch of institutions out there that have made it their mission to find out. While their methodologies cover different aspects and thus don’t always come to the same conclusion, their databases and reports are a good starting point:

The other port of call are the manufacturers themselves. Many publish Corporate Social Responsibility Statements (and all sorts of other information) but if you actually spend some time reading them you can tell which ones are just marketing gimmick/greenwash and which ones genuinely address the sustainability and ethics of their supply chain.

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How sustainably and ethically made is what we own?

We were curious to have a baseline and therefore started researching the companies that manufacture our packing list items (Female | Male). Some of our findings so far have been a mere confirmation of what we knew already, others have been eye-opening (and not in a good way) – incentive enough for us to look for alternatives once these items have reached their end of life.

So, how do our packing lists (Female | Male) stack up? Below table lists all the brands we own that have been independently assessed.

BrandOwnerCSRHubEthical ConsumerGood On YouKnow The ChainShop Ethical!Tear Fund
Bras N ThingsHanes Brands Inc65/100 (HBI)6.5/15 (HBI)2/5 (HBI)41/100 (HBI)F (HBI)A
ColumbiaColumbia Sportswear Company72/1005.0/152/539/100FN/R
Eagle Creek (ceasing operation end 2021)VF Corporation88/100 (VFC)5.5/15 (VFC)3/564/100 (VFC)C (VFC)A
ExOfficioNewell Brands71/100 (NB)6.0/15 (NB)N/RN/RF (NB)N/R
HaglöfsASICS CorporationN/R7.5/152/5 (AC)49/100 (AC)C (AC)C
IcebreakerVF Corporation88/100 (VFC)5.5/15 (VFC)4/564/100 (VFC)CA
KathmanduKathmandu Holdings Ltd73/100 (KH)N/R3/5 (KH)N/RA (KH)A
MarmotNewell Brands71/100 (NB)6.0/152/5N/RFN/R
MacpacSuper Retail Group Ltd81/100 (SRG)N/R2/5N/RCA
MerrellWolverine World Wide34/100 (WWW)4.0/15 (WWW)2/5N/RF (WWW)N/R
NikeNike Inc92/1005.0/153/562/100CA
OspreyOsprey Packs IncN/R10.0/15N/RN/RN/RN/R
PranaColumbia Sportswear Company72/100 (CSC)5.0/153/539/100 (CSC)F (CSC)N/R
RockayPrivately ownedN/RN/R3/5N/RN/RN/R
Ron HillBollin Group Ltd12/100 (BG)N/RN/RN/RN/RN/R
Saint BasicsPrivately ownedN/RN/R5/5N/RN/RN/R
SalomonAmer Sports90/100 (A)6/15 (A)2/5N/RF (A)N/R
SmartwoolVF Corporation88/100 (VFC)5.5/15 (VFC)3/564/100 (VFC)C (VFC)A
UniqloFast Retailing81/100 (FR)7.0/153/552/100 (FR)CB
Women’s SecretTendam/Grupo CortefielN/RN/R2/5 (GC)N/RN/RN/R
Xero ShoesFeel the World IncN/R10.0/15N/RN/RN/RN/R

Last updated: 19 October 2021

Ratings explained

  • CSRHub – Benchmarks companies based on their overall environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance; from 100 = Best to 0 = Worst
  • Ethical Consumer – Scores brands on 300 topics in 5 main areas (animals, environment, people, politics and product sustainability). Every company starts with a score of 14. Points are being deducted when the company lacks in an area, but it can also earn points for product sustainability or company ethos; from 15 = Best to 0 = Worst
  • Good On You – Rates brands based on their impact on workers across the supply chain as well as resources use and disposal; 2/5 = Not Good Enough, 3/5 = It’s A Start, 4/5 = Good
  • Know the Chain – Benchmarks companies based on the forced labour risks within their global supply chain; from 100 = Best to 0 = Worst
  • Shop Ethical! – Rates companies considering their environmental and social impact, including the treatment of animals; B = Some Praise/No Criticism, D = Criticism/Some Praise, F = Criticisms
  • Tear Fund – Grades manufacturers on the strength of their systems to mitigate against the risks of exploitation in their supply chain; from A+ = Best to F = Worst
  • N/R – Not Rated

While still ongoing, our review of our packing list has turned up some other interesting insights:

  • Not all brands we own have been independently assessed to date – partially due to a lack of information/transparency, partially because those assessing the manufacturers have only limited resources. Some big names missing are Exped, KÜHL, Matador, Mons Royale, Outdoor Research, Pacsafe, Packtowl and Travelon.
  • The ownership of the brands we know (and trust/ed) by BIG BRAND RETAIL is huge (and more and more small manufacturers are being acquired and brands closed down).
  • There is a lot of greenwashing out there. A manufacturer donating money to a charitable organization doesn’t make them sustainable or ethical, sorry. At least not if that’s all they’re talking about in their shiny marketing brochures.

What can we all do to ensure our stuff is sustainably and ethically made?

We (consumers) have a choice. And we have a voice. We can vote: with our wallets, with our feet. And we have a right to know where the stuff we buy comes from. So ask questions…

Where we haven’t found an independent assessment and/or limited information on the manufacturer’s website, we contacted the companies directly. As we receive responses we pass them on to the institutions that assess them. It only takes a few minutes, and we can all help to make manufacturing and supply chains more transparent.

As new independent reviews become available (and as we replace items with more sustainably and ethically made ones) we update our table. So, come and check in from time to time.

SaleBestseller No. 1
Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy, Updated (New 2013 Counseling Titles)
Ethical, Legal, and Professional Issues in the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy, Updated (New 2013 Counseling Titles)
Used Book in Good Condition; Wilcoxon, Allen (Author); English (Publication Language); 432 Pages - 01/07/2013 (Publication Date) - Pearson (Publisher)
Bestseller No. 2
Ethical Issues in Aviation
Ethical Issues in Aviation
Amazon Kindle Edition; English (Publication Language); 346 Pages - 10/16/2018 (Publication Date) - Routledge (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 3
Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals
Legal and Ethical Issues for Health Professionals
Pozgar, George D. (Author); English (Publication Language); 444 Pages - 01/21/2019 (Publication Date) - Jones & Bartlett Learning (Publisher)
SaleBestseller No. 4
Legal and Ethical Issues in Nursing (Legal Issues in Nursing ( Guido))
Legal and Ethical Issues in Nursing (Legal Issues in Nursing ( Guido))
Guido JD MSN RN, Ginny (Author); English (Publication Language); 480 Pages - 07/24/2013 (Publication Date) - Pearson (Publisher)

Do you consider sustainability and ethics when you buy? What resources have you found useful? Please leave a comment below or send us an email.

Feature photo by Fancycrave on Unsplash

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How sustainably and ethically sourced is what you wear?
How sustainably and ethically sourced is what you wear?
How sustainably and ethically sourced is what you wear?

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